martes, 24 de agosto de 2010

VOLUNTARIO Pasado simple y perfecto


Peace Corps

HACIENDOSE VOLUNTARIO. Matt y Liza conversan acerca del Peace Corps (programa norteamericano de voluntariado) en el cual están participando. 
En el texto hemos resaltado las palabras y expresiones que se detallan en un glosario bilingüe
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BEING A VOLUNTEER
Matt:
So, how long have you been in the Peace Corps?
Liza:
For about a year now.
Matt:
Do you enjoy it?
Liza:
Most of the time. The work can be extremely difficult, but it has its rewards.
Matt:
What's the most challenging thing about being in the Peace Corps?
Liza:
For me, it's finding a way to fit into a community that's very different from my own. It can be frustrating!
Matt:
And what's the most rewarding thing?
Liza:
That's easy. The most rewarding thing about being in the Peace Corps is learning about another culture. You know what I've found to be one of the most difficult things? Learning the local languages.
Matt:
Oh, I know exactly what you mean!
Liza:
You know, I thought I would only have to learn one language when I came here, but I soon discovered that almost every village has a different language or dialect.
Matt:
I have the same trouble myself. It sometimes takes me a while to find someone who can speak English.
Liza:
I need an interpreter with me most of the time – that is, if I want anyone to understand anything I say.
Matt:
But it is one of the things that makes living here so interesting.
Liza:
Oh, absolutely. I think the people here are really wonderful. They're very sincere – kind of shy at first with foreigners, but once you get through that, they come to accept you.
Matt:
Oh, yeah. I've made some wonderful friends here.
Liza:
Me, too.

GLOSSARY: Peace Corps: la s de Corps no se pronuncia; rewards: compensaciones, recompensas; challenging: desafiante; to fit: para encajar;  from my own: de la mía propia (comunidad); frustrating: frustrante; rewarding: gratificante; what you mean: lo que quieres decir, lo que das a entender; takes me a while: me lleva algún tiempo; most of the time: la mayor parte del tiempo; anything I say: todo lo que digo; kind of shy at first: un poco tímidos al principio; foreigners: los extranjeros; once you get through that: una vez que superas eso.

Anwer the questions:


  1. Does Liza enjoy her job in the Peace Corps?
  2. What's the most challenging thing about being in the Peace Corps?
  3. Why it can be frustrating?
  4. What's the most rewarding thing?
  5. What was one of the most difficult things?
  6. What she had thought when she came there?
  7. What was difficult to find?
  8. What did she need the most of the time?
  9. Why she thinks the people there are wonderful?

 
Back to work or back to job?
Elige la respuesta correcta:

1. I’ve got a new in a bank.
2. They did a fantastic painting the flat.
3. He’s got a lot of translation from the university.
4. Learning English is hard .
5. If is worth doing, it’s worth doing well.
6. You’ve never done a day’s in your life!
7. There will be a lot of losses when the factory closes.
8. She’s always changing .
9. Does you new computer with Windows 7?
10.How long does it take you to get to .


Ayuda
hard = difícil
it’s worth doing = vale la pena hacerlo
factory = fábrica
Consulta las soluciones


Gramática
Ambos tiempos describen acciones finalizadas en el pasado, si bien con algunas diferencias.
a) Past Simple
Acción finalizada en el pasado; no se hace referencia a ninguna conexión con el presente.
I studied law at the university of Madrid

b) Past Perfect
Equivale al "present perfect" pero tomando como punto de referencia un momento en el pasado.
- La acción finalizó cerca de dicho momento pasado que es mencionado en la oración.
Did you see him when you went to his office? No, he had left

- La acción finalizó justo en dicho momento pasado o incluso continuó después.
He had lived in Paris for 10 years when he decided to buy his own flat (continuó viviendo en París)

Ve a este link para aplicar estos conocimientos en un ejercicio: 





Exercise on Past Simple


Exercise on Past Perfect


  1. Astronauts (fly) ............... through space for hours.
  2. The boys (steal) ............... the bicycles.
  3. They (have) ............... a long and uncomfortable trip.
  4. The beggar (find) ............... five bottles of beer.
  5. He (show) ............... me the content of the parcel.
  6. My sister Ann (begin) ............... her diet a week ago.
  7. She (think) ............... a good idea.
  8. The postman (deliver) ............... my letter.
  9. He (retire) ............... from political life.
  10. Alice (leave) ............... her bag on a chair.

  1. She (buy) ............... a new pair of red shoes.
  2. We (have) ............... lunch at a village inn.
  3. He (drink) ............... whisky before dinner.
  4. My sister (lose) ............... U$S 50 in the street.
  5. The children (kick) ............... a ball very hard.
  6. My mother (receive) ............... a letter from Canada.
  7. My father (give) ............... me some money.
  8. Jenny (finish) ............... her job at the office.
  9. They (enjoy) ............... Roy's party.
  10. Pupils (learn) ............... the English lesson.

 

 

 

Exercise on Past Perfect Simple

Put the verbs into the correct form (past perfect simple).
  1. The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we (build) .
  2. He (not / be) to Cape Town before 1997.
  3. When she went out to play, she (do / already) her homework.
  4. My brother ate all of the cake that our mum (make) .
  5. The doctor took off the plaster that he (put on) six weeks before.
  6. The waiter brought a drink that I (not / order) .
  7. I could not remember the poem we (learn) the week before.
  8. The children collected the chestnuts that (fall) from the tree.
  9. (he / phone) Angie before he went to see her in London?
  10. She (not / ride) a horse before that day.





Traduce las siguientes frases al inglés:
Escribe en las cajas de texto, al final del ejercicio encontrarás las respuestas.
1. Ellos se han trasladado a un nuevo apartamento.

2. Él me dijo su nombre pero lo he olvidado.

3. ¿Dónde está mi llave? La he perdido.

4. ¿Quieres comer alguna cosa? No gracias, acabo de comer.

5. ¡No olvides enviar la carta! - La acabo de enviar.

6. No la he enviado todavía.

7. ¿Ha parado ya de llover?

8. ¿Has estado alguna vez en China?

9. Tengo este coche desde 1991.

10. Nosotros no hemos tenido problemas hasta ahora.

 
Traducción:

1. They have moved into a new apartment.
2. He told me his name but I've forgotten it.
3. Where is my key? I've lost it
4. Would you like to eat something? No, thanks. I've just had lunch.
5. Don't forget to post the letter! - I've already posted it.
6. I haven't posted it yet.
7. Has it stopped raining yet?
8. Have you ever been to China?
9. I've had this car since 1991.
10. We haven't had any problems so far.


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