viernes, 3 de septiembre de 2010

Fuegos artificiales

LAS PALABRAS Y SU HISTORIA = FIREWORKS. Interesante artículo cortesía de Voice of America acompañado de glosario bilingüe. Analiza los usos y orígenes de la palabra FIREWORKS (Fuegos de Artificio).

Descarga el audio a tu reproductor portátil o computadora y podrás practicar inglés mientras viajas o cuando regresas a casa.

Pulsa la palabra "AUDIO" para escuchar. Para descargar acerca la flecha del ratón a "AUDIO" y con botón derecho selecciona la opción "Guardar Archivo (o Destino) Como" y guarda el archivo en tu computadora.

Now the VOA Special English program, "Words and their stories". I’m Rich Kleinfeldt. Today we tell about the word fireworks.
we tell about: comentamos acerca de.

The expression fireworks gets its meaning from the fireworks that people shoot into the sky when they are celebrating a great event. Rockets explode to fill the dark, night sky with bright reds and blues, with yellows and greens and whites.
gets its meaning: obtiene su significado; shoot into: disparan hacia el; event: acontecimiento; rockets: los cohetes; to fill: llenar.

The expression also means a great show of noisy anger, or something exciting. For example, a defense lawyer in a court trial may become very emotional in arguing with the government lawyer about evidence affecting the accused. The judge finally stops the loud argument and calls the two lawyers forward. He tells them, “I want no more of these fireworks in my courtroom.”

noisy ange:
enojo estruendoso; court trial: juicio ante un juez; in arguing with: al discutir con; accused: acusado; forward: al frente; fireworks: jaleo, jarana, riña, discusión acalorada.

Another kind of fireworks can be any event or activity that is especially exciting. One such event is falling in love. If anything can produce fireworks, it is a sweetheart’s kiss or the touch of a lover’s hand. Often movie or television cartoons show fireworks to represent the excitement of a kiss.
falling in love: enamorarse; sweetheart: novio/a, enamorado/a; cartoons: dibujos animados.

People use the expression fireworks throughout the year. But if you live in the United States and want to see real fireworks, the best time of the year is about now. The Fourth of July is Independence Day in the United States. Americans traditionally celebrate their nation’s freedom with giant public parties and fireworks at night.

libertad; giant: gigantescas.

In Washington, for example, large crowds gather near the Washington Monument to listen to music and watch a huge fireworks show. In other cities and smaller towns, local people listen to band concerts and watch fireworks explode in a dark sky.

crowds gather:
multitudes se reúnen, concentran; huge fireworks show: enorme despliegue de fuegos de artificio.

Many other countries around the world also enjoy the tradition of exploding fireworks on special days. In Australia, the city of Sydney begins each new year with a fireworks show at midnight. China is the birthplace of fireworks. Large fireworks shows were held often during earlier times in China. Now, people use small fireworks to help celebrate weddings and birthdays.

at midnight:
a medianoche; birthplace: lugar de origen; were held: se llevaban a cabo, se realizaban; weddings: fiestas de boda.

France also has a great fireworks tradition. A large fireworks show always takes place on Bastille day which celebrates the beginning of the French Revolution. The French city of Cannes holds an international fireworks competition each year in July and August.

Bastille day:
festejo de (la toma de) la Bastila.

In India
, people have been using fireworks for more than five hundred years. A great Indian fireworks show takes place during the religious celebration of Diwali, every autumn.
fiesta religiosa ("festival de las luces") celebrada en la India.

ks shows are popular around the world. But if I do not end this program right now, there will be fireworks from my producer.
una discusión fuerte.

This VOA Special English program, "Words and their stories", was written by David Jarmul.  
I’m Rich Kleinfeldt. 

  1. How cartoons represent the excitement of a kiss?
  2. What can produce fireworks in oneself?
  3. When people shoot fireworks into the sky?
  4. Why they do that?
  5. What explode in bright colors?
  6. What is Fourth of July in the United States?
  7. What do Americans celebrate this day?
  8. What happen near the Washington Monument?
  9. How local people in smaller towns celebrate?
  10. How people in Sydney celebrate each New Year?
  11. Which the birthplace of fireworks is?
  12. How people in China celebrate weddings and birthdays?
  13. What do the beginning of the French Revolution celebrates?
  14. What happen in Cannes?
  15. Where have people been using fireworks for more than five hundred years?
  16. What Diwali is?
  17. Why the speaker has to end this program right now?

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